Marijuana now the most popular drug in the world and most commonly used illicit drug. Researchers found that levels of puberty-related hormones such as testosterone and luteinizing hormone were increased in marijuana smokers and their growth hormone levels decreased.
While the word addiction is commonly used in our lives as addicted to mobile, TV or computer, but what is addiction in real sense. Addicted behavior is referred to the use of stimulant drugs. The word “addiction” is reserved for use of unauthorized, unlicensed or abusive drugs. The most commonly used abusive drug is marijuana. It is the most widely available illicit drug in Europe, it is estimated that it has been used by 80.5 million Europeans at least once in their life.
While most of us need coffee or tea in the morning to make us awake and alert, some people use marijuana-coffee. People who consume marijuana on regular basis mostly use it in food (edibles), such as brownies, cookies, or candy, or brew it as a tea. Its use is widespread among young people. A survey was carried out among middle and high school students and showed that rates of marijuana use have steadied in the past few years
In United States, marijuana is the mostly commonly used illicit drug. In the West, marijuana is used across the board and the reason may be its legalization in some states for medical purposes. Marijuana can be addictive which is contrary to the common perception about its use.
Most Popular Drug In The World: Research Suggests That About 1 In 11 Users Become Addicted To Marijuana
The common notion that marijuana is only smoked in hand-rolled cigarettes (joints) or in pipes (bongs) or smoked in emptied cigars that have been partly or completely refilled with marijuana does not hold true now. The drug is now commonly used with coffee as a drink. But is it safe like coffee or more dangerous or hazardous than we think.
According to research studies, chronic after effects of marijuana use on the brain depends at what age the individual started using it and for how long he/she has been using it; the earlier the use, the more hazardous it is.
Due to recreational and medical purposes the drug has a legalized/authorized status in some states of the US so most of the people have conjectured it to be inoffensive and unobjectionable whereas the research studies are in contradiction to this assumption. Some of the adversities related to the abusive or misuse of the drug are:
Marijuana Is Addictive
The addictive effect of marijuana use has more serious consequences on adolescents and they are 2-4 times more likely to become dependent on the drug as compared to adult users. In rehabilitation centers across the United States, the most frequently addicted substance that is being treated in adolescents is the marijuana use. The drug is mostly used to palliate the feelings of anxiety and depression like other addictive substances and the intensity of addictive effects are less compared to cocaine or heroin use, so people are naive regarding its dependence and withdrawal symptoms.
Sometimes adolescents are forced to use marijuana because of peer pressure at a party or in a social setting, but others self-medicate the drug to hack the emotions of stress. The misuse of drug can be predicted when it is used to deal with the stressful emotions.
Marijuana Impairs Memory
Research shows that heavy use can alter the normal activity of nervous system and damage the nervous tissue in addition to alterations in brain development leading to:
- Impairment in thinking
- Poor educational outcomes and perhaps a lower IQ
- Increased likelihood of dropping out of school
- Symptoms of chronic bronchitis (inflammation of air passages)
- Increased risk of psychosis disorders in those who are predisposed.
People who regularly smoked the drug as teenagers have to bear the aftermath of drug in terms of long-term memory loss. Teenagers who heavily use marijuana –smoking it daily for about three years — had an abnormally shaped hippocampus and performed poorly on long-term memory tasks, reports a new study. The hippocampus is important to long-term memory, which is the ability to remember life events.
Young adults who abused cannabis as teens performed about 18 percent worse on long-term memory tests than young adults who never abused cannabis.
Marijuana Drug Users Experience Euphoria
Most people using marijuana frequently experience an increase in negative affect in the 24 hours after its use. The most distressing thing about marijuana is that, people use it to feel good but instead start feeling bad shortly after its use. People commonly experience anxiety and other negative states. People use it during their tough times to feel relaxed and good and they might momentarily feel better, but then they feel worse. The addict is not able to link the feeling of worseness to the drug use, so it can become a vicious circle.
Marijuana Use Associated With Low Academic Scores
Marijuana is the most widely used illicit drug globally and recent statistics have shown that in some countries adolescents are starting cannabis use at a younger age and more adolescents are using it heavily.
Individuals who are daily users of marijuana before age 17 are over 60% less likely to complete high school or obtain a degree compared to those who have never used the drug.
A large analysis regarding cannabis users was carried out and a indicated that adolescents who are daily users of marijuana are seven times more likely to attempt suicide, have an 18 times greater chance of cannabis dependence, and are eight times as likely to use other illicit drugs in later life.
Marijuana Users More Prone To Early Onset Of Psychotic Illness
It has been found that marijuana use appears to be associated with an earlier onset of psychotic illness. The risk of psychotic symptoms increases if the drug is used during adolescence and young adulthood, while continued use may increase the risk for psychotic disorder in later life. The study was published online in the British Medical Journal.
Marijuana Cause Early Onset Of Puberty And Retards Growth In Boys
Cannabis or marijuana use has been found to have negative impact on growth and individuals who start using the drug at early age are prone to early onset of adulthood. Boys who smoke marijuana are more likely to experience puberty earlier but their physical growth is slow compared to those who have never smoked the drug.
Scientists at the Pir Mehr Ali Shah Agriculture University Rawalpindi in Pakistan studied the levels of certain hormones involved in growth and puberty. The scientists took blood samples of 220 non-smokers and 217 marijuana-addicted boys.
The researchers found that levels of puberty-related hormones such as testosterone and luteinising hormone (LH) were increased in the marijuana smokers and growth hormone levels were decreased in this group. It was also found that boys who do not smoke the drug were on average 4 kg heavier and 4.6 inches taller by the age of 20 than the marijuana smokers.