A new study conducted by scientists at the Department of Clinical Pharmacology at the Medical University of Vienna has found that the solution to hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) is communication, and not medicine.
The study was conducted over a period of five and a half months and recruited 30 male patients whose female partners suffered from postmenopausal or premenopausal hypoactive sexual desire disorder.
The scientists observed the responses of males to their partner’s use of oxytocin nasal spray, almost an hour before partaking in sexual intercourse. The scientists measured the responses of men using various scales that noted levels of depression and sexual satisfaction.
The results showed that men’s sexual quality of life improved significantly with little to no marked differences between the women either using the nasal spray or using placebo, on any of the outcome measures.
Oxtocin was selected as it was shown to improve sexual function in both men and women. Oxtocin is a neuropeptide hormone that enhanced orgasm intensity, increased arousal, refined sexual contentment and sexual satisfaction, as well as overall improvement in sexual function of men.
In women, the hormone enables easier childbirth, by improving contractions, enlarging the vagina opening and widening the cervix, for easier delivery.
Other notable outcome was that the frequency of sexual activities increased in the group where women were using oxytocin nasal spray as compared to that where women were taking a placebo. The frequency of sex improved marginally. The sexual arousal and desire levels remained relatively consistent throughout the period of the trials.
Men’s approval of their partner’s sexual performance was the same in both groups. This showed that their apprehension and doubts about the women’s sexual performance was mostly psychological.
Healthy sexual functionality is the key to a fruitful long-term relationship. If either partner faces sexual health issues, the other person suffers quite massively.
If men suffer from issues such as erectile dysfunction, women’s sexual desire and sex drive dips. On the other hand if women suffer from sexual health issues such as sexual arousal disorder, female orgasmic disorder or genitopelvic pain disorder, men’s sexual function and quality of sex life decreases significantly.
What Is Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder And How Does It Affect Women?
Hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) is the most common type of sexual dysfunction disorder in females and affects approximately between 21 to 36 percent of European women, and 10percent of all women. Unfortunately it goes undiagnosed in the majority of cases.
HSDD is quite a severe, prolonged disorder that lasts for at least half a year.
HSDD causes diminished sexual desire, sexual drive, and reduced sexual fantasies resulting in mental distress for at least 6 months. There are several mental and physical factors that contribute differently to HSDD.Medical diseases such as metabolic disorders, diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular diseases can also impact sex drive and libido.
Certain medications such as birth pills fluctuate hormones, which is why they can contribute to HSDD as well.
Often times the most problematic thing about diagnosing HSDD is chronic mental health issues such as anxiety, depression or stress. Mental health issues can creep up in anyone’s life at any stage which is why diagnosing them is a challenge.
HSDD caused by psychological factors is often the most difficult to diagnose sex and a person’s state of mind go hand in hand.
Unfortunately there is no clear cut treatment for hypoactive sexual desire disorder. Physicians and therapists often target the underlying causes for HSDD in order to improve outcomes. They might try to change medications and if the underlying causes are psychological, therapists might try to resolve them.
Some might even endorse oestrogen therapy to increase sexual hormone levels in females to up their libido.
As proven by this study, hormonal and physiological improvements can fix sex drive, and sexual desire, but more importantly the perception of being wanted and feeling attractive is equally as important, if not more.
Sexual desire in both men and women largely stems from positive coordination of cognitive processes such as fantasies, arousal, intimacy and trust. Which is why men and women differ significantly in their reasons for having sex.
In long-term relationships women have sex to improve trust and intimacy between their partners, as they want to be wanted and to be loved, whereas men want to please their partners.
Effectively understanding the psychological differences between the two sexes can greatly improve sexual dysfunction diagnoses, treatment and overall outcomes. Thus solving the problem of sexual disorder treatment.