Three scientists were awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine on Monday for their remarkable discoveries against malaria and roundworm parasite infections. The Nobel judges in Stockholm presented the honorable prize to Satoshi Omura of Japan, William Campbell of Ireland, and Tu Youyou, making him the first Chinese medicine laureate.

About The Discoveries

Campbell is a research fellow emeritus at Drew University in Madison, New Jersey. Tu is Chief Professor at the China Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine. Omura is a professor emeritus at Kitasato University in Japan and belongs to the central prefecture of Yamanashi. He is 80 years old and this is hence a huge achievement.

The scientists were appreciated for discovering a drug that helped reduce the incidence of lymphatic filariasis and river blindness – both caused by parasitic worm infections. Moreover, Tu discovered a drug that significantly reduced the death rates of malaria patients.

Acknowledging the new discoveries, the Nobel committee stated that the drugs would provide humans with powerful new regimes to combat malaria and the debilitating diseases caused by parasitic infections. The latter affect millions of people every year; with these new drugs, reduced suffering and improved heath are immensurable.

Last year, the award in Medicine was given to three scientists on their discovery of the brain’s inner navigation system.

Details About Upcoming Announcements

The Nobel Prize in Medicine was the first to be announced – winners in the categories of chemistry, physics and peace will be announced later this week. Winner for the Nobel Prize in Economics will be declared next Monday. The Literature Prize is anticipated to be announced on Thursday, but no set date has been confirmed yet.

The Award Itself

The three scientists will share the reward of 8 million Swedish kronor (about $960,000). One half will go to Campbell and Omura, and the other will be given to Tu.

Moreover, each scientist will receive a diploma along with a gold medal at the annual Nobel Prize ceremony to be held on Dec. 10, which marks the death anniversary of Alfred Nobel, the founder of the prize.