Parental mental illness puts offspring at risk of developing psychiatric disorders. The condition not just puts its negative impacts on the child’s mental health but it can be a very difficult test for the parents as well.
A study with a similar scenario has been published in Frontiers in Psychology and says that the parents with borderline personality traits have to face additional challenges in their parenting such as emotional instability, social isolation, and difficulties in child-rearing.
Giving a diagnosis of borderline personality disorder (BPD) can be a challenge for professional bodies because the disorder is much difficult to understand and also overlap with other mental illnesses such as bipolar disorder, eating disorders, anxiety, and depressive disorders.
However, the researchers from the United Kingdom (UK) have conducted the current study. The main area of interest was to find out, their daily hazards of parenting, mental health outcomes, and further implications for such people with BPD. The team also showed interest in knowing the experiences of therapists who worked with study participants who were suffering from BPD which is a mental condition that begins in early adulthood and presents in a variety of contexts such as instability of mood, unstable and intense interpersonal relationships, identity disturbances, self-damaging behavior that typically includes substance abuse, and binge eating, feelings of emptiness, temper outbursts of uncontrollable anger, and also paranoid symptoms.
BPD is prevalent in 1.6% of the general population and 20% of the psychiatric and inpatients population, according to a paper published at the US National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI).
bpd kills 10% of those it affects, yet most people have only heard of it through stigma and stereotypes. if you claim to care about mental health, educate yourself on disorders beyond those you can immediately relate to. #WorldMentalHealthDay pic.twitter.com/RVmhZbsYsY
— meg (@tinyfilmlesbian) October 10, 2018
For the current study, the team collected a total of 33 study participants of 12 people were who had been diagnosed with BPD. On another hand, 21 people were those practitioners who were working with the patients who have BPD traits.
The team conducted two strands of interviews. First, they used a thematic framework approach which is an interpretive process that helps the researchers to manage, analyze, and identify the clarity, or deep understanding of the data. Secondly, the team followed Superordinate and superordinate themes. In the thematic analysis, themes are made from the codes (and collated data), across all data items. However, superordinate themes have been made from emergent themes. After the completion of coding and theme development for each data item, the team developed superordinate themes across the dataset.
Difficulties Experienced by Parents with BPD and Their Therapists
By compiling all the findings, the investigators found that parents with BPD traits were facing many challenges in daily life. The team also found the negative outcomes including a painful mix of emotional turmoil, unstable relationships, social isolation, and difficulty in upbringing the children. As per the findings from the practitioners, so they also described a strong degree of shared understanding of the above-mentioned difficulties. They also mentioned that BPD patients often experience a lack of support from their family and children.
Therefore, there is a need to develop to organize socially supportive programs for the better understanding of signs and symptoms of BPD patients. As per the current treatment, Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT) is a specific type of cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy (CBT) that teach a person to manage the emotional instability, tolerate distress and improve relationships by using the skills-based approach.