Progesterone- a female sex hormone that maintains the pregnancy and sexual desire, as it turns out, performs way more than just that. It is found out that it plays a role in limiting the Infection in females.
To be exact, a study conducted at the John Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health produced that progesterone hormone faded off the effect of Influenza Virus A infection in female mice and also promoted the healing process of the damaged lung cells and on the basis of this breakthrough, Scientists predicted that in the near future progesterone based contraceptives can be used in controlling diseases that are spread in females.
The experiment was conducted on set of mouse by the researchers of John Hopkins Bloomberg School or Public Health. They placed progesterone implants in one set of mice and spared the other one. Later on, both sets of mice were injected with Influenza Virus A and as obvious both sets of mice became ill but surprisingly the one with progesterone implants has lesser pulmonary infection.
Their lungs were in better condition comparatively, and also the damage to their lung cells repaired quickly which was quite surprising for the researchers because so far, progesterone apart from its role on pregnancy and sexual activity was unknown to perform beyond its known function.
To back it up scientifically, the production of a protein called amphiregulin by the cells of the lungs enhanced by the progesterone when flu hits and which protects from the serious effects of Influenza virus.Progesterone is a naturally producing hormone by the ovaries, maintains pregnancy, play a role in conception and menstrual cycle. A little variation in its levels can upset the menstrual cycle in females.
Progesterone has long been used as a birth control pill will less or no awareness of its role on the body other than the contraception and scientists are widely involved in finding out what do this progesterone based pills do to women’s body which is still a matter of concern. The study leader Sabra L. Klein, PhD, an associate professor in the Bloomberg School’s Department of Microbiology and Immunology said that it is still unknown whether progesterone has a relationship to flu severity in humans and its direct relation to the production of amphiregulin protein in the body.
Since scientists are indulged in further research, we have a chance to say that there are possible chances that progesterone hormone, in the coming future, can perform way more than it used to.